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The Increasing Threat to Journalists and Human Rights in Azerbaijan

In recent years, Azerbaijan has experienced a troubling increase in journalist arrests and human rights violations. This crackdown on independent media and civil society organizations has raised concerns about the country’s commitment to freedom of speech and press freedom. Several journalists have been targeted and arrested on questionable charges, while human rights abuses continue to occur with impunity. This article aims to shed light on the alarming trend of journalist arrests and human rights violations in Azerbaijan and the impact it has on freedom of expression and human rights in the country.

Over the past few months, Azerbaijan has witnessed a wave of journalist arrests, which has sent shockwaves through the journalism and civil society communities. Since November 2023, at least six journalists have been arrested under various charges, including smuggling, illegal construction, and drug-related offenses. The targeted journalists include Ulvi Hasanli, Sevinc Vagifgizi, Aziz Orujov, Rufat Muradli, Nargiz Absalamova, and Mahammad Kekalov. The arrests have been widely criticized as politically motivated and an attempt to silence independent voices and critical journalism in the country.

The journalist arrests are just one aspect of the broader human rights violations that are occurring in Azerbaijan. The country has had a poor record on human rights, with restrictions on freedom of expression, assembly, and association. Independent media outlets have faced tight government control, with websites publishing dissenting views blocked and critical social media users penalized and prosecuted. Civil society activists, human rights defenders, and opposition figures have been subjected to arbitrary arrest, harassment, and even torture while in custody.

The situation in Azerbaijan has not gone unnoticed by the international community. Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and Reporters Without Borders have all raised concerns about the deteriorating human rights situation in the country. The European Court of Human Rights has issued interim measures directing Azerbaijan to refrain from human rights abuses, including the right to life and the prohibition of torture. The United States and other Western countries have criticized Azerbaijan, urging the government to respect human rights, release political prisoners, and facilitate the return of displaced people.

The increase in journalist arrests and human rights violations in Azerbaijan has significant implications for freedom of expression and the overall human rights situation in the country. The crackdown on independent media hampers the ability of journalists to carry out their vital role as watchdogs and stifles dissenting voices. Moreover, the lack of accountability and impunity for human rights abuses undermines the rule of law and reinforces a climate of fear and self-censorship.

As Rights Defenders, our thoughts are that the international community should continue to monitor the situation in Azerbaijan and exert pressure on the government to respect freedom of expression and human rights. It is essential for Azerbaijan to release detained journalists, end politically motivated prosecutions, and create an enabling environment for journalists and civil society to operate freely. Only by safeguarding press freedom and protecting human rights can Azerbaijan move towards a more democratic and inclusive society.


  • Human Rights Watch
  • Amnesty International
  • Reporters Without Borders
  • Al Jazeera
  • Reuters
  • European Court of Human Rights
  • Global Voices
  • Committee to Protect Journalists
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